基本条約を持ち出す前にカイロ宣言、SCAPIN 677を日本政府はよく考慮すべきだ。

韓国の主権は1905年に日本が竹島を奪い取る以前から、日本軍により事実上無効とされていた。日本は1904年2月23日、韓国に協約締結を強制し、韓国は財政と外交権を奪い取られた。日本は1876年に韓国と結んだ商業条約に違反し、1894年6月8日から10日にかけて日本軍はインチョンの港を急襲した。

カイロ宣言には連合国は日本の侵略行為を罰し、日本が暴力と欲により不当に得たいかなる地域からも排除されることが明記されている。また韓国が独立すべきことも書かれている。竹島は暴力により奪い取られたのであるから、当然、カイロ宣言の記述に照らし合わせて、竹島の領有問題も考えられるべきだ。

SCAPIN 677の第三条には日本の領土について細かく規定されている。その中には、カイロ宣言の規定(欲と暴力により奪った領土)に沿うように竹島は含まれていない。

国際法にかんがみ、カイロ宣言に裏打ちされたSCAPIN 677により、韓国の持つ竹島への権利は正式に復活した。


SCAPIN 677の第6条について明確にしておきたい。SCAPINは日本についての定義と呼ばれていた。

この指示書は日本の領土をメイン四島と約千の島々に制限している。第三条にある領土からは、Ullungdo、Dokdo、Chejudoは排除され含まれていない。

溺れかけた日本政府はわらをも掴まんがごとく、最終的には日本領土の範囲は明記されていないと主張しはじめるが、第6条は単に、他の連合国が異議を唱えたときにそなえて解釈の余地を残してあるにすぎない。連合国は権益をめぐり互いに微妙な関係にあった。

日本が領土の定義を変えたいのであれば、まずSCAPIN 677の第5条を満たす必要がる。これには「この指示書に含まれる日本に関する定義は、別段の特記がなければ、今後、司令部からのすべての命令、指示書に当てはまるものとする。」とかかれている。したがって新たな規定が採用されないかぎり、この定義は変更できない。常に有効である。この規定どおりSCAPは竹島の管轄を、1946年1月29日、韓国のアメリカ軍事政権に移している。1948年、韓国が独立したとき自動的に竹島の管轄も韓国政府に移っている。

日本政府が間違いを犯していることを認めることは難しいだろう、また日本政府の欲深さを信じたくないだろう。歴史を学べば学ぶほど、日本の強欲さと無礼さに気付きがっかりするだろうが、本当に国を愛するのなら、日本政府の謝った態度を正すようにしなければならない。

Don't you think that You must ask your government why tokyo still ignore the Cairo Conference and SCAPIN 677 before referring to "basic treaty"?

Korean territorial sovereignty had been effectively nullified by Japanese military forces even before the Dokdo Islets were taken by them in 1905. Japan forced Korea to sign a protocol on February 23, 1904, by which Korea's sovereign rights of finance and dealing in foreign affairs had been taken away. Violating the Army and Commerce Treaty between the Korean Kingdom and Japan which was concluded on February 26, 1876, Japanese military forces of a brigadier strength made surprise landing on the port, Inchon from June 8th to 10th, 1894.

In the Cairo Declaration, the Three Great Allies made it crystal clear to punish the aggression of Japan and to expel Japan from all territories which she ahs taken by violence and greed, and has determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent. Therefore, it is a corollary to think that the Korean territory including the Dokdo Islets(Liancourt Rocks), which was taken by violence and greed Japan, falls within the purview of this provision.

The Dokdo Islets are the first Korean territory to be taken by the Japanese violence and greed in 1905 amid the Russo-Japanese War.
At last, upon her surrender, Japan was expelled from the Dokdo Islets immediately after the end of WWII in the light of the international law, in accordance with the Korean Clause that : "Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed in due course Korea shall become free and independent" in the Cairo Declaration

In the Paragraph 3 of the SCAPIN NO. 677, Japan is defined further in detail as follows :
For the purpose of this directive, Japan is defined to include the four main islands of Japan(Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku) and the approximately 1,000 smaller adjacent islands, including the Tsushima Islands and the Ryuku(Nansei) Islands north of 30°North Latitude(excluding Kuchinoshima Island), and excluding (a) Utsryo(Ullung) Island, Liancourt Rocks(Take Island) and Quelpart (Saishu or Cheju Island)

In particular, by excluding the Dokdo Islets(Liancourt Rocks, Take Island) which had been taken by Japanese Cabinet's illegal and Clandestine action on the first anniversary(January 18, 1905) of the Russo-Japanese war ahead of all the other Korean territories, fulfilled was the clause of the provision of the Cairo Statement : "Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed".

In the light of international law, the original Korean title of the Dokdo Islets was, thus, restored formally after WWII by the SCAPIN No. 677 based upon the authority of the Cairo Declaration.

I want to make sure one more thing about the clause 6 of SCAPIN.
SCAPIN 677 is called the definition of Japan.

This directive limited Japan's territory to the four main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shigoku, and about 1,000 smaller islands. Excluded form the definition in Clause 3 of Japan's territories were Ullungdo, Dokdo and Chejudo.
As you Know, over Dokdo, drowning Japanese government has tried to catch at a straw by citing clause 6 what you said^^ and claimed that Japanese territory is not finally limited. HA! The clause 6 just made a room for revision just in case one of the Allied Nations raised an objection because the Allied Powers were in complicated relationship with their respective benefits and expectations.

However, if Japan wants to change the limitation of her own territory, she must qualify the clause 5 of SCAPIN No.677.
Clause 5 of the instruction provides that "the definition of the Japan contained in the directive shall also apply to all future directives, memoranda and orders from the Headquarters unless otherwise specified therein." Therefore, without another specific instruction by SCAP this definition could not be changed and would continue to be binding. In accordance with this instruction, SCAP transferred the jurisdiction over Dokdo to the U.S. Military Government in Korea on January 29, 1946. When the Republic of Korea was proclaimed on August 15, 1948, all the territories of Korea, including Dokdo, automatically reverted to the Korean government.

It may be difficult for you to admit that your government has been wrong and still making some hazardous mistakes. Maybe You want to believe Japanese government is not greedy. But the more you are studying history including Dokdo, the more disappointed you are by Japan's greed and impertinence. If you love your country, endeavor to correct Japan's ugly and obstructive attitudes.

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soudenjapan

Author:soudenjapan
soudenjapan、45歳、コンサルタント。やっと英語が楽になり20年かかって英語を握ったと感じる。と思ったのもつかの間、そこには広大な未知の領域が残っているようだ。

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